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Basic Hiragana

Hiragana and Katakana are the basic writing system for writing Japanese language.

Hiragana is a Japanese syllabary primarily used for writing native Japanese words or naturalised Japanese words and grammatical elements.

These are the Japanese alpabhets.
You must memorize them including their pronounciation - this is very important.

Download POSTERS of Hiragana Chart - In high resolution JPG and PDF formats.
Stick them on your desk or door or walls and check them out every now and then.

This is the Basic Hiragana chart. Check out Advanced Hiragana chart.

Hiragana Chart

This ordering of Kana is called Gojuon ordering.
Basically the original grid was 5 x 10 = 50 and hence the name Goju.
Btw Goju means 50, which is formed by Go x Jyu.
Go means 5 and Jyu means 10.

"On" in GojuON means "Sound".

Hence Gojuon means "50 Sounds".

Writing "Hiragana" in Hiragana:
Hi Ra Ga Na = ひ ら が な
Put together it is ひらがな in Hiragana script
in Kanji, it is written as 平仮名

Hiragana literally means "ordinary" or "simple" as opposed to Kanji.

These are the basic Japanese alpabhets.
You must memorize them including their pronounciation.

Click the below thumbnail to Download Hiragana Chart - Posters in High resolution JPG and A3 size PDF available



These posters are available in JPG and PDF format.

The letters are ordered from left to right as that is how modern Japanese text and reading materials are written. Traditionally the chart will have letters ordered from top to bottom and right to left. So in case if you come across a chart like top to bottom or right to left, do not get surprised.

As you can note again, remember to split up Japanese words to understand the formation and meaning. For example: by understanding the above you know jyu stands for 10. Let us say, you have learned NI is for Two. Now you can make 20 by combining Ni + Jyu = NiJyu.

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