Once you have learnt the Basic Hiragana, let us look into advanced or complete Hiranaga alpabhets.
Download POSTERS of Hiragana Chart - In high resolution JPG and PDF formats.
Stick them on your desk or door or walls and check them out every now and then.
This is the Advanced Hiragana chart. Download
This complete Hiragana chart is explained below:
In the Basic Hiragana Chart, we learned that they are called Gojuon - the 50 Sounds.
Now, let us see more additional sounds - Dakuon, Han-dakuon and Yoon.
As you can note from the Basic Hiragana Chart, ON stands for SOUND.
Dakuon sounds are additional sounds to the basic hiragana set - Gojuon.
Additional sounds are represented by adding " to the basic sounds of Ka, Sa, Ta and Ha series making Ga, Za, Da and Ba series.
Note: In modern Japanese, じ、ぢ and ず、づ are pronounced the same (See image above). However, the hirgana are used distinctively for words with repeated sound and words with rendaku. Eg: 続く（つづく） and 気付く（きづく）
Q: How to type づ and ぢ?
Ans: Type Du to get づ (pronounced Zu)
and Type Di to get ぢ (pronounced Ji)
Only for Ha/Ba series, one more set of additional sounds created by adding a degree sign instead of ", making Pa series. This is called Han Dakuon. Refer the chart below.
Han Dakuon chart:
Yoon sounds are formed by adding "Ya, Yu, Yo" to the Basic Sounds "Ki, Shi, Chi, Ni, Hi, Mi, Ri"
and Yoon sounds are formed by adding "Ya, Yu, Yo" to the Dakuon and Han-dakuon sounds "Gi, Ji, Ji, Bi, Pi"
Note: ぢゃ、ぢゅ and ぢょ is siimilar to じ、ぢ case in Dakuon Chart above.
Q: How to type ぢゃ、ぢゅ and ぢょ?
Ans: Type Dya to get ぢゃ (pronounced Ja)
Type Dyu to get ぢゅ (pronounced Ju)
and Type Dyo to get ぢょ (pronounced Jo)
Click the below thumbnail to Download Hiragana Chart - Posters in High resolution JPG and A3 size PDF available
These posters are available in JPG and PDF format.
The letters are ordered from left to right as that is how modern Japanese text and reading materials are written. Traditionally the chart will have letters ordered from top to bottom and right to left. So in case if you come across a chart like top to bottom or right to left, do not get surprised.
As you can note again, remember to split up Japanese words to understand the formation and meaning. For example: by understanding the above you know jyu stands for 10. Let us say, you have learned NI is for Two. Now you can make 20 by combining Ni + Jyu = NiJyu.